How to choose a juicer
Juice squeezed from fresh fruit retains all its useful properties only for the first 10 minutes. The longer it is stored, the less vitamins will remain in it. For those who are committed to a healthy lifestyle, families with young children, and just fans of fresh drinks, you should buy an electric juicer for home. And if you understand the characteristics of this useful household appliance in advance, you will save time, nerves, and even money.
Design and principle of operation
Juicers can be mechanical or electric. Mechanical squeezes the juice using a press, and are driven by pressing the lever. Electric juicers are equipped with motors, thanks to which the fruit is crushed, divided into liquid and pulp. The juice flows into the tank, and the cake is removed manually from the separator or from a removable pulp container.
The main advantage of electric juicers is the high speed of operation and the ability to process large volumes. Powerful devices are more expensive than mechanical structures, but the saving of time and effort to prepare fresh meat justifies the price.
Features of choosing a juicer
Choosing a juicer, you need to answer yourself 3 questions.
What fruits will you make juice from? For example, fans of Apple or carrot drinks should purchase a universal device. But people who want to start the day with a glass of orange juice, it is better to buy a citrus juicer. Of course, the universal model is able to cope with these fruits, but it will squeeze out less liquid from them, and the process will take more time.
How much pulp is required? There are devices for obtaining pure vitamin liquid, models with the ability to manually change the amount of pulp in the drink and juicers that produce juices with pulp without the ability to adjust the level.
What volumes do you plan to process? For most families, the power of conventional household appliances is enough, but if you make juice preparations in industrial volumes, it is wiser to buy a powerful device with a large bowl.
Types of juicers
Plastic or metal is used in the production of juicers. The housing can be made of food-grade plastic, but the separators must be made of stainless steel: this will allow for minimal oxidation of products with the maximum service life. The body of some models is made of metal: these juicers are heavy and require more careful care, since they are more noticeable contamination.
There are 3 types of household appliances for making freshly squeezed juice according to the design device.
Citrus machines are simple inexpensive devices that can squeeze a glass of liquid out of tangerines, oranges, lemons and grapefruits in a matter of minutes. Models with a reverse system (the ability to rotate the nozzle clockwise and counterclockwise) will provide maximum spin.
Centrifugal devices-models in which fruits and vegetables are divided into juice and pulp in separators, which are a sieve with cells of different diameters. Models with a cylindrical separator extract up to 95% of the juice from the fruit, but they need to be turned off for long-term use in order to manually clear the cake. The efficiency of juicers with a conical separator is 15-20% lower, but the pulp enters a removable container that can be cleaned without disassembling the device.
Screw juicers are quite expensive devices that allow you to get the maximum amount of juice from the fruit and are designed for long-term operation. If the centrifugal juicers need to be turned off every 5-10 minutes, then the screw mechanisms can be operated without interruptions, processing significant volumes and preparing juices in liters for the winter. They work on the principle of a meat grinder, the fruits are ground, the juice flows into one tank, and the cake enters another container. Screw devices are characterized by low noise and cold pressing: the resulting juice is not heated, so it retains the maximum amount of vitamins and does not form foam. These models with a horizontal screw arrangement, in contrast to citrus and centrifugal ones, allow you to squeeze juice from greens, get oil from nuts and cereals, and prepare purees with a high content of pulp.
Citrus juicers are considered specialized devices, while the other 2 types of juicers are universal devices that are suitable for producing fresh fruit from any fruit. Centrifugal designs produce better juice from solid vegetables and fruits (apples, carrots, celery, etc.), and screw devices are great for working with berries, peaches, bananas, tomatoes, and other soft fruits and vegetables. After purchasing a juicer, you should carefully read the instructions and get acquainted with the list of fruits from which you can not squeeze juice using a specific device. Compliance with the rules will allow you to use the appliance for a long time and without any problems.
The capacity of the juicer determines the speed of getting the drink and directly depends on its type.
Devices for squeezing juice from citrus fruits are low-power: 25-50 W is enough to quickly get a vitamin drink.
The power of screw juicers ranges from 150 to 400 watts. At the same time, they work quietly and are protected from overloads.
For centrifugal devices, this figure should ideally be 300-800 W, but can also reach large numbers.
You should not buy too powerful devices: you risk overpaying for something that you will not use. Do not forget that the higher the power, the higher the noise level of the device.
Number of speeds
Another important parameter is the speed of rotation of the mechanisms. The higher it is, the more juice you can get from the fruit. The optimal speed for centrifugal devices is 9-10 thousand rpm./min. you can find models that squeeze juice at a speed of up to 20 thousand rpm./min, but a few extra drops of juice will not pay for the price of such a device.
Screw juicers have a lower speed – from 70 to 120 rpm./min. this allows the device not to heat up and work for a long time without interruptions, while all the vitamins and trace elements remain in the juice.
Each type of fruit should be pressed at its own speed. The speed switch will help you set the optimal mode. This option increases the cost of the device, but allows you to increase the amount of juice being squeezed. A high-quality juicer should have 2-3 speed modes: at high speeds it is better to squeeze the juice from hard fruits, and at low speeds – from soft ones. A large number of speeds increases the price, but has little effect on the functionality of the device, since they are usually still used 2-3.
When choosing a juicer model, pay attention to the equipment of the device. It will be much more comfortable to use the equipment if it has:
removable juice tank, it is more convenient to use than the built-in container;
a system that controls the amount of pulp in the juice;
the ability to close the tray for loading fruit, which will protect the device from contamination and loss of products;
protection against accidental activation, which allows you to increase the level of security and prevent the device from turning on if it is incorrectly assembled or otherwise malfunctions;
pulse mode when the engine is running with small pauses, thus facilitating the process of extraction of juice from hard fruits;
“drop-stop” system, thanks to which the last drops of the drink will not fall on the table and stain it;
foam separation device: in this case, you don’t have to worry about straining the juice;
scale for determining the amount of liquid in the juice tank;
engine cooling system;
pusher for fruit;
rubberized fasteners that increase the stability of the juicer;
nozzles of different sizes for citrus models, with which you can safely squeeze a healthy drink from both small lemons and impressive grapefruits.
A good juicer should also be equipped with a brush for cleaning the sieve and a special compartment for storing the cord. The extended configuration increases the price of the device, but you can enjoy maximum comfort while working with the device.
Volume of the juice tank
Choose the size of the built-in liquid container or removable glass based on how much juice the user needs. If you plan to prepare fresh food for one family member, then a volume of 200 ml (one glass) is sufficient. If the device is needed to provide vitamins for a family of 3-4 people, you will need a container with a volume of 0.5-0.8 l. If the juicer is necessary for preparing drinks for the winter, you should buy a device with a more spacious tank that holds from 1 l of juice.
There are also models without juice containers: the drink does not go into a removable tank, but directly into a glass placed under the spout of the juicer. This saves space in the kitchen, and the user is freed from the need to wash the container.
The availability and size of the tank have little effect on the cost of the device: prices for juicers depend more on technical characteristics.
Top 5 best juicers
Breville 800JEXL Juice Fountain Elite 1000-Watt Juice Extractor
Breville BJE200XL Compact Juice Fountain 700-Watt Juice Extractor
Hamilton Beach Juicer Machine, Big Mouth 3” Feed Chute, Centrifugal, Easy to Clean, BPA Free, 800W, (67601A), Black
Breville JE98XL Juice Fountain Plus 850-Watt Juice Extractor
Mueller Austria Juicer Ultra 1100W Power, Easy Clean Extractor Press Centrifugal Juicing Machine, Wide 3” Feed Chute for Whole Fruit Vegetable, Anti-drip, High Quality, BPA-Free, Large, Silver
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